How Power Cable Interfere with Instrumentation and Communication Cable

Power Cable Interference with Instrumentation, Communication  or Control Cable and  Reductance This Effect

Communication Cable Interferenced by Power Cable-min
Let’s know the basic difference between Power Cable and Communication Cable.
Power Cable: The cable which uses to transfer electrical energy from one point to others is known as power cable. Comparatively higher sizes of Aluminum or Copper conductor is uses as power cable in electrical power distribution and transmission system.
Power cable construction may different type’s like- single core, dual-core or multi-core.
Core materials mainly uses as Copper or Aluminu.
Metallic sheath or armour uses for reduce induced voltage and mechanical protection from any external damages. Steel, Copper, Aluminu or Led uses for cable outer cable sheath.
Metallic screen normally earthed in one or both end to reduces the external electric field to zero.
Communication Cable: The cable which is uses communicate low level signal in-between two or more instrument is known as communication or instrumentation or control cable. Special type, smaller sizes of wire uses as communication cable.
Communication cable construction mainly coaxial or metallic screen type.
Both of power and communication cables core positioned look like in a cylinder.
Feature of Power Cable and Instrumentation Cable:
                               I.            Power cable carry high voltage and current;
                             II.            Instrument cable carry low level signal;
                          III.            Power Cable generally bulk size where instrumentation cables are smaller sizes.

Why Instrumentation Cable interfered by Power Cable?

The instrumentation cable can pick-up some noise signals which is hinder from nearby sources- like power cable. Communication or Instrumentation cable generally lays very near and in parallel with power cables which generate noise signal to interfere electronic devices and signals.
If we look at the above figure where combined all information from power cable and communication cable construction, laying position, equivalent electrical circuit and different mutual coupling that takes part to interfere.
Mutual coupling between power cable core, communication cable core and screen and grounding or earthing circuit of a three-phase cable are shown in figure in which unbalanced currents flow. The unbalanced current can be replaced by one equivalent current. Let consider the three-phase cable is armoured and it is earthed at one or both ends.

How Power Cable Interfere Instrumentation Cable?

Power cable generate stray signal for control cable by mutual induced current because-
a.     Single-core cables run in groups;
b.     High magnitude fault current flows through cables;
c.      Unbalanced currents flows through cables;
d.     Surge current flows through cables;
e.      Harmonic currents flows through cables.
Stray or noise signal generated by power cable may interfere with control or communication cable in different forms of coupling way. Here is some of them are as below:
                                i.            Common circuit conduction;
                              ii.            Mutual Capacitive coupling;
                            iii.            Mutual Inductive coupling.
Electrostatic and Electromagnetic effect is not fixed for all, it varies from cable circuit and laying condition. Some of the common circuit condition is as below:
Condition-1: Single conductor above a flat plane-
-Leakage capacitance.
-Self-inductance.
Condition-2: Two conductors in parallel-
-Coupling capacitance between the conductors.
-Self-inductance of each conductor.
-Mutual inductance between the conductors.
Condition-3: One screened conductor in a cylinder:
-Coupling capacitance.
-Self-inductance of the conductor.
-Mutual inductance between the conductor and the cylinder.

How Reduce Interference Between Power Cable and Control Cable?

There is no single solution to remove or reduce Power Cable Interference with Instrumentation, Communication or Control Cable, but taking some measures interferences may reduce.  Separate the control cable from power cable as following tender way, it is possible to reduce the power cable interference for control cable.
Type of Power & Control Cables
Minimum Distance Between Cables (mm)
110 Volt or 110 Amp
240 Volt or 50 Amp
420 Volt or 500 Amp
3300 Volt to 33,000 Volt
Current above 200 Amp
300
450
600
1000
1000
Screen Earthing: Cable screen earthing is another way to reduce induced noises, because in this case the signal current flows along in the inner core and returns in the screen at opposite direction.

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